Sports come with many inherent risks and benefits. While every sport uses different muscle groups and come with their own battery of injuries, there are a few which are universal whether you run, play volleyball, soccer, football, or swim.
Sprains and Strains
While many people think that strains and sprains are the same thing, they are not. A sprain happens when you stretch or tear a ligament which is the connective tissue between bones at the joints. They often occur as a result of falling, twisting or getting struck on the site. Strains are very similar but actually refer to the same type of injury to the tendons and muscles which are connected to the bone.
Unlike a sprain which can only happen on the spot, a strain can develop over a period of time. The treatment for both these injuries is rest and compression bandages to hold the muscles and ligaments in place as well as medication for pain.
Knee injuries are very common in the sporting world and can seriously impair your ability to walk and run. The knee is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and fluids. While playing sports, any of these components can be damaged through falling, twisting or an impact. In sports, the most common portion of the knee to get injured is the ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) which can impair your ability to walk normally, and if it is not allowed proper rest, it can lead to a lifetime problem. The most common treatment is lots of rest, and compression bandages or kinesiology tape.
The RC or rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons located in your shoulder which helps to stabilize and move your shoulders. The most common injuries to this muscle group occur in sports such as basketball or volleyball where the arms are move quickly and you rely on your shoulder for strength. The most common injuries include tears and sprains as well as tendinitis and bursitis.
The injuries are commonly related to tears in the muscle and treatment includes a regiment of rest and inflammation alleviating medication. In severe cases, cortisone injections, surgery, and ultrasounds can be employed.
Dislocation is one of the most common injuries associated with sports, especially in sports which involve running, and falling. A dislocation is a joint injury which forces the two bones which meet at the joint, out of position. These injuries are often the result of harsh blows, falls, and twisting. They can affect almost every joint in the body but most often occur when playing contact sports in the ankles, knees, hips, shoulders, elbows, and jaw.
The typical treatment for dislocations is to have it snapped back into place, wrapped with compression bandages or kinesiology tape and lots of rest for the afflicted areas. Anti-Inflammatory medication is usually prescribed as well as pain medication to ease in the mending of the dislocated joint.
Many muscle ailments related to sports can be alleviated by using cotton kinesiology tape which can be applied to areas where the muscles are inflamed and in pain. Along with bed rest and anti-inflammatory medication, you will be well on your way to playing your favorite sports again.